CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2021; 11(01): 50-53
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721232
Case Report

Melioidosis: A Fulminant Infection in a Patient with Uncontrolled Diabetes

Nandakishore Baikunje
1  Department of Pulmonary Medicine, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Suresh Gangaramajalu
2  Department of General Medicine, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Giridhar Belur Hosmane
1  Department of Pulmonary Medicine, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE (Deemed to be University), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Melioidosis is an endemic infection in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia commonly manifesting with pneumonia and localized skin infection. Though most exposures do not lead to severe illness, a fulminant infection can occur among patients with risk factors. A 59-year-old male presented with cough with expectoration and fever for 1 week. He had diabetes for 10 years with poorly controlled blood sugars. Contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) of thorax showed right upper lobe consolidation with diffuse ground-glass opacities in right upper lobe along with microabscesses in liver and spleen. Sputum culture and Xpert mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and resistance to rifampin (MTB/RIF) for tuberculosis were negative. Bronchoalveolar lavage culture grew Burkholderia pseudomallei. He was treated with initial intensive therapy with injection amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for 2 weeks and subsequently started on eradication therapy with tablet trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Diagnosis of melioidosis should be considered in a patient of pneumonia with multiorgan involvement in an endemic area, especially with underlying risk factors.



Publication History

Publication Date:
02 December 2020 (online)

© 2020. Nitte University (Deemed to be University). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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