CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2021; 11(01): 08-11
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721230
Review Article

Physical Activity to Stay Fit

Arkierupaia Shadap
1  Sikkim Manipal College of Nursing, Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok, Sikkim, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure. According to World Health Organization, regular physical activities such as walking, cycling, doing the household work, etc., make an individual feel good and it has significant benefits for health. One of the vital elements for healthy bones at every age is exercise. Exercise lowers the blood pressure, slightly decreases the levels of total- and low-density lipoprotein—the bad cholesterol, and increases the levels of high-density lipoprotein—the good cholesterol. Regular physical activity and exercise help in maintaining the healthy body weight, decreasing stress, apprehension, and preventing depression. Exercising can also possibly help in delaying the effects of Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia. Strong evidence shows that physical activity has a wide range of beneficial effects for both physical and mental well-being.



Publication History

Publication Date:
02 December 2020 (online)

© 2020. Nitte University (Deemed to be University). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
A-12, 2nd Floor, Sector 2, Noida-201301 UP, India

 
  • References

  • 1 World Health Organization—Regional Office for Europe. 2020. Physical activity to stay healthy. Available at: http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/physical-activity/data-and-statistics/physical-activity-to-stay-healthy. Accessed October 27, 2020
  • 2 National Institute of Health Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases. National Resource Centre. Exercises for your bone health; 2018. Available at: https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/bone-health/exercise/exercise-your-bone-health
  • 3 Medline Plus Trusted Health Information for You. Exercises and Physical Fitness. U.S. National Library of Medicine; 2017. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html
  • 4 Johnston BD. Benefits of exercise. MSD manual consumer version; 2018. Available at: https://www.msdmanuals.com/en-pt/home/fundamentals/exercise-andfitness/benefits-of-exercise?query=Overview%20of%20Exercise. Accessed October 27, 2020
  • 5 Skills you need. Helping you develop life skills. The importance of exercise; 2017. Available at: https://www.skillsyouneed.com/ps/exercise.html. Accessed October 27, 2020
  • 6 American Heart Association Recommendations for Physical Activity in Adults and Kids. Available at: https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/fitness/fitness-basics/aha-recs-for-physical-activity-in-adults. Accessed October 27, 2020
  • 7 Elmagd MA. Benefits, need and importance of daily exercise. International J Phys Educ Sports Health 2016; 3 (05) 22-27