CC BY 4.0 · SynOpen 2023; 07(04): 580-614
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1720096
review

A Decade of Exploration of Transition-Metal-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions: An Overview

Saurav Kumar
a   Department of Applied Chemistry, Delhi Technological University, Delhi-110042, India
,
Jyoti Jyoti
a   Department of Applied Chemistry, Delhi Technological University, Delhi-110042, India
,
Deepak Gupta
a   Department of Applied Chemistry, Delhi Technological University, Delhi-110042, India
,
Gajendra Singh
b   Department of Chemistry, Deshbandhu College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110019, India
,
Anil Kumar
a   Department of Applied Chemistry, Delhi Technological University, Delhi-110042, India
› Author Affiliations
S.K. is thankful to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for his fellowship.


Abstract

During the previous couple of decades, transition-metal (Fe, Co, Cu, Ni, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Au) catalyzed inter- and intramolecular coupling reactions have attracted huge attention for the construction of C–C and C–heteroatom (like C–N, C–P, C–O, C–S, etc.) bonds to synthesize a diverse range of polymers, fine chemicals, and agrochemicals (mainly fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides), as well as biologically and pharmaceutically important organic molecules. Furthermore, the employment of lower cost and easily available metals such as first-row transition-metal salts or metal complexes of Fe, Co, Cu, Ni as catalysts compared to the precious metals such as Pd, Ag, Au in cross-coupling reactions have led to major advances in applications within the fields of synthesis. A number of cross-coupling reactions catalyzed by transition metals have been explored, including Suzuki, Heck, Sonogashira, Stille, Kumada, Kochi, Murahashi, Corriu, and Negishi reactions, as well as carbonylative, decarboxylative, reactions and α-arylations. In this review, we offer a comprehensive summary of the cross-coupling reaction catalyzed by different transition metals from the year 2009 to date.

1 Introduction

2 Pd-Catalyzed Reactions

2.1 C–C Cross-Coupling Reactions

2.2 C–N Cross-Coupling Reactions

2.3 C–P Cross-Coupling Reactions

3 Ni-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions

3.1 C–C Cross-Coupling Reactions

4 Cu-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reactions

4.1 C–C Cross-Coupling Reactions

4.2 C–O Cross-Coupling Reactions

4.2 C–N Cross-Coupling Reactions

4.4 C–P Cross-Coupling Reactions

4.5 C–Se Cross-Coupling Reactions

4.6 C–S Cross-Coupling Reactions

5 Fe-Catalyzed Reactions

5.1 C–C Cross-Coupling Reactions

5.2 C–S Cross-Coupling Reactions

6 Co-Catalyzed Reactions

7 Transition-Metal Nanoparticle-Promoted Reactions

7.1 Pd Nanoparticles

7.2 Cu Nanoparticles

8 Miscellaneous Reactions

9 Perspectives and Future Directions



Publication History

Received: 01 August 2023

Accepted after revision: 21 September 2023

Article published online:
13 November 2023

© 2023. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

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