Semin Neurol 2020; 40(06): 617-623
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1718719
Review Article

Epilepsy—Definition, Classification, Pathophysiology, and Epidemiology

Jessica Falco-Walter
1   Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California
› Institutsangaben


Seizures affect the lives of 10% of the global population and result in epilepsy in 1 to 2% of people around the world. Current knowledge about etiology, diagnosis, and treatments for epilepsy is constantly evolving. As more is learned, appropriate and updated definitions and classification systems for seizures and epilepsy are of the utmost importance. Without proper definitions and classification, many individuals will be improperly diagnosed and incorrectly treated. It is also essential for research purposes to have proper definitions, so that appropriate populations can be identified and studied. Imprecise definitions, failure to use accepted terminology, or inappropriate use of terminology hamper our ability to study and advance the field of epilepsy. This article begins by discussing the pathophysiology and epidemiology of epilepsy, and then covers the accepted contemporary definitions and classifications of seizures and epilepsies.


Artikel online veröffentlicht:
05. November 2020

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