Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2021; 34(03): 155-162
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1718683
Review Article

Competency-Based Education in Minimally Invasive and Robotic Colorectal Surgery

Marisa Louridas
1   Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Sandra de Montbrun
1   Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
› Author Affiliations


Minimally invasive and robotic techniques have become increasingly implemented into surgical practice and are now an essential part of the foundational skills of training colorectal surgeons. Over the past 5 years there has been a shift in the surgical educational paradigm toward competency-based education (CBE). CBE recognizes that trainees learn at different rates but regardless, are required to meet a competent threshold of performance prior to independent practice. Thus, CBE attempts to replace the traditional “time” endpoint of training with “performance.” Although conceptually sensible, implementing CBE has proven challenging. This article will define competence, outline appropriate assessment tools to assess technical skill, and review the literature on the number of cases required to achieve competence in colorectal procedures while outlining the barriers to implementing CBE.

Publication History

Article published online:
29 March 2021

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