CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2021; 15(01): 168-173
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1718244
Review Article

Does Periodontal Treatment Help in Arterial Hypertension Control? A Systematic Review of Literature

Neus Lanau
1  Department of Oral Medicine and Public Health. Faculty of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
,
Javier Mareque-Bueno
1  Department of Oral Medicine and Public Health. Faculty of Dentistry, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
,
Michel Zabalza
2  Department of Oral Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Medicine, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Arterial hypertension and periodontal diseases are two of the pathologies with more prevalence worldwide. In the last few years, several scientific evidences have demonstrated the relationship between both diseases. Besides the etiopathogenic and causal relationship, some recent publications have pointed out that the therapeutic approach of periodontitis could have positive effects on the control of arterial hypertension.

The aim of this systematic review is to determine whether there is a decrease in or better control of blood pressure after performing nonsurgical periodontal treatment in patients with periodontitis.

A thorough search in PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science databases with the keywords “‘periodontal disease’ OR ‘periodontitis’ OR ‘periodontal’ AND ‘blood pressure’ OR ‘hypertension’ OR ‘arterial hypertension’” was conducted. The quality of the reported information was assessed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement for systematic reviews.

Eight articles were considered for this systematic review. Five of the studies showed statistically significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (SBP) values.

Despite the limitations of the review, nonsurgical treatment of periodontal disease seems to reduce SBP values. Further research with larger and longer-term clinical trials are needed to demonstrate this potential positive effect.

Supplementary Material



Publication History

Publication Date:
08 October 2020 (online)

© 2020. European Journal of Dentistry. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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