CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian Journal of Cardiovascular Disease in Women - WINCARS 2020; 5(03): 223-226
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1717046
Review Article

Clinical Features of SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Vandana Midha
1  Department of Medicine, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
,
Jyoti Jindal
1  Department of Medicine, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
,
Rishu Bhanot
2  Private Practice, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Viral diseases continue to emerge and represent a serious issue to public health. Since viral transmission occurs through respiratory droplets, most patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) predominantly have respiratory tract involvement. The clinical spectrum of COVID-19 ranges from asymptomatic to symptomatic with mild, moderate, and severe degrees of illnesses. There are no specific clinical features that can yet reliably distinguish COVID-19 from other viral respiratory infections. Unexplained worsening of underlying chronic illnesses and comorbidities should raise the suspicion of COVID-19. Beyond the life-threatening pulmonary complications of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the widespread organ-specific manifestations of COVID-19 are increasingly being appreciated. Given that angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, the entry receptor for the SARS-CoV-2, is expressed in multiple extrapulmonary tissues and that all might contribute to these extrapulmonary manifestations of COVID-19, here we review the pulmonary and extrapulmonary presentations for patients with COVID-19.



Publication History

Publication Date:
05 October 2020 (online)

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