Nurses’ Perception about Stakeholders’ Image of a Nurse
Introduction The diversity in the public image about nurses, the nursing profession, and the comprehension about the true functions and domains of nurses’ job engagement is one of the powerful contrivances that impact nurses’ self-esteem and authority, and recruitment and retention in the health industry.
Objective This study aims at identifying the difference between nurses’ perception about the different stakeholders’ image of a nurse.
Methods Self-reports on nurses’ perception about doctors’ image of a nurse, patients’ image of a nurse, other hospital staffs’ image of a nurse, and self-perception about a nurse were collected from a sample of 749 registered nurses selected using stratified random sampling from different settings across the state. Data were collected using an adapted version of the Porter Nursing Image Scale.
Results Data were tested for the mean and standard deviation (SD); and within-subjects difference using the general linear model and repeated measures analysis of variance indicated a difference in the nurses’ perception about image of a nurse with respect to doctors (mean = 53.22; SD = 6.5), patients (mean = 51.91; SD = 6.9), other hospital staff (mean = 53.05; SD = 6.8), and self (mean = 58.36; SD = 6.9), with F(2.625, 1963.5) = 352.656, p < 0.000, and R 2 = 0.32.
Conclusion The findings indicate a difference in the nurses’ perception about the stakeholders’ image of a nurse. This research suggests the need for strategies toward promoting positive nurse image among stakeholders.
18 September 2020 (online)
© 2020. Nitte University (Deemed to be University). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
A-12, 2nd Floor, Sector 2, Noida-201301 UP, India
- 1 Halperin O, Mashiach-Eizenberg M. Becoming a nurse - a study of career choice and professional adaptation among Israeli Jewish and Arab nursing students: a quantitative research study. Nurse Educ Today 2014; 34 (10) 1330-1334
- 2 Glerean N, Hupli M, Talman K, Haavisto E. Young peoples’ perceptions of the nursing profession: an integrative review. Nurse Educ Today 2017; 57: 95-102
- 3 Emeghebo L. The image of nursing as perceived by nurses. Nurse Educ Today 2012; 32 (06) e49-e53
- 4 Bakalis NA, Mastrogianni E, Melista E, Kiekkas P. The image and profile of the nursing profession in Greece: attitudes of high school students, nursing students and nurses. Int J Nurs Clin Pract 2015; 2: 125
- 5 Hadid S. Status and image of the nurse as perceived by the public. J Nurs Care 2016; 4 (Suppl)
- 6 Gunawan J, Aungsuroch Y, Sukarna A, Efendi F. The image of nursing as perceived by nurses: A phenomenological study. Nurs Midwifery Stud 2018; 7 (04) 180-185
- 7 Ingwu JA, Ohaeri BM, Iroka OL. The professional image of nursing as perceived by nurses working in tertiary hospitals Enugu, Southeast Nigeria. Afr J Nurs Midwifery 2016; 4 (01) 595-602
- 8 Włodarczyk D, Tobolska B. Professional image of nurses as perceived by doctors, patients and nurses themselves [in Polish]. Med Pr 2011; 62 (03) 269-279
- 9 Belete H, Kidane T, Bisrat F, Molla M, Mounier-Jack S, Kitaw Y. Routine immunization in Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev 2015; 29 (01) 1-6
- 10 Van Tonder A, van Wyk NC. The perceptions of visitors at acute care units in two private hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa regarding the image of nurses and nursing. Int J Nurs Midwifery 2011; 3 (09) 128-139
- 11 Lam M. The views of the general public on the image of professional nurses. Hong Kong Nurs J 2005; 41 (03) 17
- 12 Van Wyk NC, Meiring A. The image of nurses and nursing as perceived by the South African public. Afr J Nurs Midwifery 2013; 15 (02) 3-15
- 13 Mostafa GM. Implications of stereotypical self and public nursing image on performance of nurses and nursing students. Int J Manag 2013; 4 (03) 151-162
- 14 Kalisch BJ, Begeny S, Neumann S. The image of the nurse on the internet. Nurs Outlook 2007; 55 (04) 182-188
- 15 Popovic P, Pahor M. Public image of Slovenian nurses: analysis of daily newspaper delo [in Slovene]. Obzornik Zdravstvene Nege. 2011; 45 (04) 239-245
- 16 Oosthuizen MJ. The portrayal of nursing in South African newspapers: a qualitative content analysis. Afr J Nurs Midwifery 2012; 14 (01) 49-62
- 17 Siebens K, Casterlé BD, Abraham I. et al. representing the BELIMAGE group. The professional self-image of nurses in Belgian hospitals: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud 2006; 43 (01) 71-82
- 18 Jeong HS, Yoo YS. Image of nurses as perceived by nursing students and image determinants. J Korean Pub Health Nurs 2010; 24 (01) 29-38
- 19 Cowin LS, Johnson M, Craven RG, Marsh HW. Causal modeling of self-concept, job satisfaction, and retention of nurses. Int J Nurs Stud 2008; 45 (10) 1449-1459
- 20 Abdelrahman SM. Relationship among public nursing image, self-image, and self-esteem of nurses. IOSR J Nurs Health Sci 2018:7(1):10–16
- 21 Takase M, Maude P, Manias E. Impact of the perceived public image of nursing on nurses’ work behaviour. J Adv Nurs 2006; 53 (03) 333-343
- 22 Hendel T, Kagan I. Professional image and intention to emigrate among Israeli nurses and nursing students. Nurse Educ Today 2011; 31 (03) 259-262
- 23 Toren O, Kerzman H, Kagan I. The difference between professional image and job satisfaction of nurses who studied in a post-basic education program and nurses with generic education: a questionnaire survey. J Prof Nurs 2011; 27 (01) 28-34
- 24 ten Hoeve Y, Jansen G, Roodbol P. The nursing profession: public image, self-concept and professional identity. A discussion paper. J Adv Nurs 2014; 70 (02) 295-309
- 25 Porter RT, Porter MJ. Career development: our professional responsibility. J Prof Nurs 1991; 7 (04) 208-212
- 26 van Widenfelt BM, Treffers PD, de Beurs E, Siebelink BM, Koudijs E. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of assessment instruments used in psychological research with children and families. Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2005; 8 (02) 135-147
- 27 Leech NL, Barrett KC, Morgan GA. SPSS for Intermediate Statistics: Use and Interpretation. Psychology Press; 2005
- 28 Seo EH. Nurses’ image perceived by nursing and health allied college students in Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm 2009; 15 (04) 610-616