CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Annals of Otology and Neurotology 2020; 3(02): 061-071
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1715533
Original Article

The Clinical Spectrum of Patients of Horizontal Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Attending an Otoneurology Center in South Rajasthan, India and Their Response to Appropriate Repositioning Maneuvers at a Short-Term Follow-Up

Ajay Kumar Vats
1  Division of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Chaudhary Hospital and Medical Research Centre Private Limited, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Introduction This article aims to study the clinical spectrum of 20 consecutive patients diagnosed with horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HSC-BPPV) attending an otoneurology center in Udaipur, Rajasthan, India, over a period of 11 months and their response to appropriate repositioning maneuvers evaluated at short-term follow-up of 1 hour and 24 hours.

Study Design This is a nonrandomized prospective interventional study.

Materials and Methods Twenty patients with unilateral HSC-BPPV were treated with a session of an appropriate repositioning maneuver (Gufoni maneuver or barbecue roll maneuver for the geotropic variant of HSC-BPPV [geo-HSC-BPPV]; Appiani maneuver or barbecue roll maneuver or head-shaking maneuver for the apogeotropic variant of the HSC-BPPV [apo-HSC-BPPV]). Patients were followed up twice (at 1 hour and 24 hours) and audited by a supine roll test with questioning for the absence or presence of concomitant vertigo.

Results At the 1-hour follow-up, 78.57% (11/14) patients of geo-HSC-BPPV treated with Gufoni maneuver recovered, and 66.67% (4/6) patients of apo-HSC-BPPV treated with some form of physical therapy recovered. The recovery was maintained at 24 hours’ follow-up in both groups.

Conclusion To the best of the author’s knowledge, no such study on patients of HSC-BPPV has been reported from India hitherto. Gufoni maneuver is an effective and safe treatment for the geo-HSC-BPPV with a recovery rate of 78.57% (11/14) at a short-term follow-up. The physical therapy for the apo-HSC-BPPV must be tailored according to the purported site of pathology which cannot be precisely predetermined most of the times.



Publication History

Publication Date:
23 August 2020 (online)

© 2020. Indian Society of Otology. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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