CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Neuroanaesth Crit Care 2020; 7(03): 128-139
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1714648
Review Article

The Neurocritical Care Society of India (NCSI) and the Indian Society of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care (ISNACC) Joint Position Statement and Advisory on the Practice of Neurocritical Care during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Ponniah Vanamoorthy
1  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Neurocritical Care, Institute of Neurosciences and Spinal Disorders, MGM Healthcare, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
,
2  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
,
Prasanna U. Bidkar
3  Division of Neuroanaesthesiology, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India
,
Ranadhir Mitra
4  Department of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care, Care Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
,
Kamath Sriganesh
5  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
6  Department of Neurosciences, Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
,
Radhakrishnan Muthuchellapan
5  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Venkatesh H. Keshavan
7  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Neurocritical Care, Apollo Hospitals, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Saurabh Anand
8  Department of Neuroanaesthesia and Neurocritical Care, Artemis Hospital, Gurugram, Haryana, India
,
Keshav Goyal
2  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
,
Rahul Yadav
9  Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, INHS Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
,
2  Department of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
,
Shashi Srivastava
10  Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly spread across the world including India. Management of patients complicated with neurological illness requiring neurocritical care is challenging during this time. Patients with neurological disease may develop COVID-19 infection or there could be independent neurological manifestations of COVID-19. Critically ill neurological patients are more vulnerable to contracting SARS-CoV-2 infection. Also, neurological patients with comorbidities and multisystem involvement are at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Though SARS-CoV-2 predominantly affects the pulmonary system, it can complicate the assessment and management of neurological patients. With increasing COVID-19 numbers, the hospitalizations of both non-COVID and COVID-19 neurological patients will bring significant strain on the hospital and neurocritical care facilities. Streamlining work pattern, understanding the pathophysiology of COVID-19 and its impact on neurological function, establishing general and specific neurocritical care management strategies, ensuring protection and well-being of health care providers, and implementing effective infection control policies are key elements of efficient neurocritical care management during this pandemic. This joint position statement and advisory on the practice of neurocritical care during the COVID-19 pandemic by the Neurocritical Care Society of India and the Indian Society of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care has been developed to guide clinicians providing care to the critically ill neurological patients in the neurocritical care unit during the current pandemic. As the situation from this novel disease is rapidly evolving, readers must constantly update themselves with newly emerging evidence to provide the best possible care to the critically ill neurological patients.



Publication History

Publication Date:
13 July 2020 (online)

© 2020. Indian Society of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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