Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020; 33(06): 451-456
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1714416
Clinical Communication

Radiographic Recognition of Tarsal Malformation in 8- to 9-Week-Old Bernese Mountain Dogs

1  Clinica Veterinaria Milano Sud, Peschiera Borromeo, Milan, Italy
,
Francesca Briotti
2  Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
,
Carlo M. Mortellaro
2  Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
,
3  Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, Massachusetts, United States
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Introduction Tarsal malformation is a skeletal malformation of unknown aetiology associated with a variety of morphologic changes to the tarsal and metatarsal bones of the dog.

Objective The aim of this study was to determine if early diagnosis and prevalence of tarsal malformation could be obtained at approximately 8 to 9 weeks of age in multiple litters of Bernese Mountain dogs.

Methods A prospective study of 51 Bernese Mountain dog puppies were evaluated from 12 litters in northern Italy. Dorsoplantar radiographic views of the tarsus were obtained at 60 ± 5 days of age. Tarsal malformation was defined as an abnormal extension of the central tarsal bone on its medial side, or the presence of ectopic bone located medially to the central tarsal bone, talus and second metatarsal bones (proximomedial, distomedial and metatarsal ossification sites respectively).

Results All puppies were found to be clinically normal. Thirty-nine of the 51 puppies showed ossification sites medial to the tarsus as defined. A metatarsal ossification was present in all dogs with either a proximo- or distomedial ossification site. No central tarsal bone extensions were observed. The remainder of the tarsometatarsal joints were normal.

Clinical Significance Tarsal malformation can be identified in the 8- to 9-week-old Bernese Mountain dog. The clinical significance of tarsal malformation remains to be determined, either as an incidental finding or a precursor to the development of other clinically relevant and related issues in the tarsus.

Authors' Contributions

M.P. and C.M.M. contributed to conception of study, study design, acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. F.B. and R.J.B. contributed to acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. All authors drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.




Publication History

Received: 17 September 2019

Accepted: 16 May 2020

Publication Date:
10 August 2020 (online)

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