Single Incision Modified Jones Transfer for Radial Nerve Paralysis: An Aesthetic AlternativeFinancial Disclosures None.
Various modifications have been described for the classic Jones transfer (Starr, Brand and Boyes). All of these techniques require multiple incisions over the dorsal and volar aspects of the forearm. These time-tested procedures are known for good results, but the cosmesis is unacceptable for some patients. Single incision technique is a simpler alternative for achieving better aesthetic results. Although this technique was described more than a decade ago, we feel it is underused. The aim of this article is to highlight the distinct advantages of the single incision technique over the conventional technique.
Four patients underwent single incision modified Jones transfer for radial nerve palsy. Three of the four patients had posttraumatic radial nerve palsy and one had sequalae of brachial plexus palsy. Flexor carpi radialis (FCR)-based tendon transfer was done in all patients. Incision was marked over the radial aspect of the forearm, extending from the junction of the upper and middle thirds of the forearm to just proximal to the radial styloid process and then curved toward the Lister tubercle. Through this incision, all the donor and recipient tendons were dissected. The pronator teres (PT) with a 2 cm periosteal sleeve was dissected to reach the musculotendinous junction of the extensor carpi radialis brevis. The FCR and palmaris longus (PL) were transected at the wrist level and dissected proximally. The extensor pollicis longus (EPL) was rerouted to the radial side of the Lister tubercle after dividing at the musculotendinous junction. The tendon anastomosis was performed under appropriate tension in a sequential manner (pronator teres [PT] to extensor carpi radialis brevis [ECRB], FCR to extensor digitorum communis [EDC], and PL to extensor pollicis longus [EPL]). There was minor wound dehiscence in the distal suture line which healed spontaneously. Postoperatively, the patient was given above elbow splint with forearm in pronation, wrist in 45 degrees of extension, metacarpophalangeal joints in 30-degree flexion, and thumb in maximus abduction for 4 weeks, followed by monitored physiotherapy. For next 4 weeks, a below elbow night splint was used in the night. The mean follow-up duration was 10.2 months (range: 6–16 months). Three of the four patients had excellent and one had had good outcome based on the Bincaz score. In this technique, the FCR has to transverse across the scar and this could affect the gliding. None of our patients had this complication due to strict adherence to physiotherapy. Two of the patients had mild wound dehiscence at the suture line which healed spontaneously. Although the single scar is comparatively longer than the scars in conventional technique, it is concealed in most of the day today activities when compared with the dorsal and ventral forearm scars ([Figs. 1] ). The advantage of the long incision is a wider exposure facilitating dissection, identification of tendons, and suturing and balancing the tension. Therefore, the procedure is fast and less tedious.
17 July 2020 (online)
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