Facial Plast Surg 2020; 36(04): 416-429
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713848
Original Article

The Facelift in South American Patients

1  Department of Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
Marcell Melo Naves
1  Department of Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
Jose Antonio Patrocinio
1  Department of Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery, Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

South America is a vast territory; its people were made from all parts of the world. The miscegenation made a unique population comprised of Indian, Asian, Caucasian, African, Mestizo, Mulatto, and Zambo. The South American patients tend to have a wider face with a skin-soft tissue envelope (S-STE) that is thicker, heavier, and has less elasticity than the Caucasian patient. Upper eyelids may hood easily. In the same way, malar eminences and round face look are more prominent. The chin can be a little retracted. With aging, the S-STE tends to sag more, making nasolabial folds and jowl area more prominent, and redundant neck skin will appear loose and heavy. Facelift is popular in South American patients. They have peculiar characteristics like heavy dark sebaceous skin which lead to peculiarities in face lifting. It is usually a procedure designed to rejuvenate all thirds of the face. In the forehead, skin excision in temporal incisions is usually necessary. Midface subperiosteal lift is a possibility for heavy skin patients who need great improvement in the center of the face. The neck lift is almost indispensable to the rejuvenation of the lower third. Extended superficial muscular aponeurotic system or deep plane dissection is commonly performed so the soft tissues of the midface, the jowls, and the neck can be lifted to reestablish their youthful relationship with the underlying skeleton.



Publication History

Publication Date:
31 August 2020 (online)

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