Journal of Pediatric Neurology
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713679
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Quality of Life in Children with Migraine: A Case–Control Study

Saeid Sadeghian
1  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical, Educational, and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
,
Aliakbar Momen
1  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical, Educational, and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
,
Gholamreza Jelodar
1  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical, Educational, and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
,
Shahram Nasiri
1  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical, Educational, and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
,
Azin Khalafinia
1  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical, Educational, and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
,
1  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Golestan Medical, Educational, and Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
› Author Affiliations
Funding This study was funded by the Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.
Further Information

Publication History

16 April 2020

16 May 2020

Publication Date:
20 July 2020 (online)

Abstract

We conducted a case–control study to determine the effects of migraine on quality of life (QOL) in children. Participants, aged between 6 and 18 years, were assigned to migraine (n = 70) and control (n = 70) groups. We used a translated version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 questionnaire. From the children's perspective, the overall QOL scores in all domains were lower in children with migraine. Children in the migraine group had significant lower scores in the social, emotional, and physical functioning (p-value < 0.05) than control group. Interestingly, a significant difference in the educational performance was not seen (p-value = 0.101). Relative to the parents' responses and children, the overall scores in all domains were lower in children with migraine. Statistically significant lower scores were found only in emotional and physical domains (p-value < 0.05). The results of this study indicate that migraine imposes a substantial negative impact on the different aspects of QOL in children.

Authors' Contributions

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection, and analysis were performed by R.A., A.M., G.J., S.N., A.K., and S.S. The first draft of the manuscript was written by R.A. and S.S. and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


Ethical Approval

The study design and its protocol has been assessed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the center and Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences (IR.AJUMS.REC.1397.292).