Eur J Pediatr Surg 2021; 31(03): 276-281
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1713131
Original Article

Does the Presence of a Hernia Sac Improve Survival in Newborns with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia? A United Kingdom Single-Center Experience

Wajid Jawaid
1   Department of Paediatric Surgery, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom
,
Kit Sampat
2   Division of Child Health, Institute of Child Health, Alder Hey Children' Hospital, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
,
Paul D. Losty
2   Division of Child Health, Institute of Child Health, Alder Hey Children' Hospital, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Introduction A developing body of literature suggests that the presence of a hernia sac in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) may indicate improved prognosis. By examining a large cohort of CDH newborns admitted to a single United Kingdom specialist center, we aimed to establish if presence of hernia sac is a robust predictor of improved survival.

Materials and Methods All CDH patients admitted to a single center were recruited. Postneonatal presentations and Morgagni hernias were excluded. Demographics, defect type, laterality, survival, and hernia recurrence were recorded.

Results In this study, 192 CDH newborns were managed from 1997 to 2017; 39 were excluded (10 Morgagni and 29 postneonatal); 22 (14%) neonates had a hernia sac. Survival in patients with a hernia sac was 21/22 (95%) versus 107/124 (86%) in cases without hernia sac (p = 0.2). There was no difference in hernia sac proportion by gender (male:female 15 vs. 13.2%, p = 0.8).

Conclusion In contrast to studies showing a survival advantage, albeit with smaller patient numbers, we report a statistical nonsignificant benefit of hernia sac. Better survival outcomes at this specialist center with CDH patients without a hernia sac than reported in other published studies are likely responsible for the lack of statistical significance observed, despite a larger cohort. National and international CDH registries yielding “big data” may provide further answers on the utility of a CDH hernia sac as a new prognostic scoring tool.



Publication History

Received: 15 February 2020

Accepted: 08 May 2020

Publication Date:
11 June 2020 (online)

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