CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2020; 55(06): 787-795
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1712990
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Obstetric Paralysis: Evaluation of the Sever-L'Episcopo Technique Modified by Hoffer[]

Article in several languages: português | English
1  Departamento do Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus do Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil
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1  Departamento do Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus do Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil
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1  Departamento do Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus do Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil
,
1  Departamento do Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus do Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil
,
1  Departamento do Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus do Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brasil
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2  Hospital Militar da Brigada Militar de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Evaluate the results of a series of 28 cases of high obstetric paralysis treated with the Sever-L'Episcopo technique modified by Hoffer, between 2003 and 2016. Children (mean age, four years and seven months) with adduction contracture and internal rotation of the shoulder without secondary bone deformities (Mallet class II) underwent lengthening of the pectoralis major muscle and tenotomy of the subscapularis muscle associated with transfer of the latissimus dorsi and teres major muscle to the infraspinatus muscle, moving to the function of external rotators and elevators. The mean follow-up was three years and 10 months. At the end of the study, 24 patients achieved excellent functional assessment scores, mainly of the abduction and external rotation, passing from Mallet class II to class IV. Four patients still demonstrated some degree of global movement limitation, passing from class II to class III. Regardless of the final functional gain, all patients were able to perform tasks that were previously difficult. The data from this study suggest that Hoffer's surgery is an effective method in the treatment of the sequelae of high obstetric paralysis without secondary bone deformities.

* Study conducted at Department of the Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Campus Hospital São Vicente de Paulo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil.




Publication History

Received: 14 August 2019

Accepted: 10 March 2020

Publication Date:
22 September 2020 (online)

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