CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021; 25(02): e255-e257
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1712935
Original Research

Zuma Modified Maneuver as a Treatment to Geotropic Lateral Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Bernardo Faria Ramos
1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitoria, ES, Brazil
,
Renato Cal
2  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belem, PA, Brazil
,
Camila Martins Brock
3  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Pontifícia Universidade Católica, INSCER, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
,
4  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
,
Francisco Zuma e Maia
3  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Pontifícia Universidade Católica, INSCER, Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Introduction Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the most common vestibular disorder, resulting from detached otoliths that migrate to one of the semicircular canals – canalolithiasis – or one of the cupulas – cupulolithiasis. The present study is related to lateral canal BPPVs, which may be either geotropic or apogeotropic. The geotropic variant of lateral semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (LC-BPPV) is attributed to free floating particles in the posterior arm of the lateral semicircular canal.

Objectives To verify the possibility of employing the Zuma repositioning maneuver, with a brief modification, as an alternative treatment for geotropic LC-BPPV.

Methods Seven patients with geotropic LC-BPPV were enrolled and treated with the Zuma modified maneuver. Patients were reevaluated 1 hour after a single maneuver, to confirm the resolution of vertigo and positional nystagmus.

Results All seven patients achieved immediate resolution of vertigo and positional nystagmus as measured 1 hour after the application of the maneuver.

Conclusion The Zuma modified maneuver was effective for geotropic LC-BPPV after a single application. The use of the Zuma maneuver for both apogeotropic and geotropic LC-BPPV may simplify the treatment of these patients.

Note

Approved by the Ethical Committee of the Universidade Luterana Brasileira (ULBRA RS, in the Portuguese acronym), Canoas, Brazil – CAEE 06137012.3.2002.5349.


Contributions

All authors contributed equally.




Publication History

Received: 15 March 2020

Accepted: 18 April 2020

Publication Date:
23 June 2020 (online)

© 2020. Fundação Otorrinolaringologia. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commecial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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