Subscribe to RSS
Adult Perfomance on the Sustained Auditory Attention Skill Test
Introduction The Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test (SAAAT) is an instrument used to assess sustained auditory attention in children. Difficulties related to this ability are not unique to children alone, as adults have been observed to present with the same deficits. Therefore, there is a need to adapt instruments like the SAAAT and provide reference values for adults.
Objective To assess adult performance on the SAAAT.
Methods Approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee under n° 034/2011. The sample consisted of 30 participants aged between 18 and 30 years old (average age = 24.2 years old), female and male. The inclusion criteria were: peripheral hearing within normal limits, type A tympanometric curve, and no attention-related complaints. The participants were submitted to Tonal Audiometry, Logoaudiometry, Immitanciometry and to the SAAAT.
Results The following mean values and standard deviations (SD) were observed: inattention = 1.7 (SD = 2.2) and impulsivity = 0.8 (SD = 0.9) error types. For the SAAAT, the mean value for the total error score was 2.4 (SD = 2.6), and for the decrease in vigilance, it was 0.3 (SD = 0.5). When comparing the performance of adults and children, a statistically significant difference was observed for inattention (p = 0.000) and impulsivity (p = 0.001) error types, as well as in the total error score (p = 0.000) and in decreased vigilance (p = 0.0003).
Conclusion The performance of adults in the SAAAT differed from the children's parameters, since adults showed lower scores in all variables of the instrument.
José M. R. performed data collection, tabulation, literature review and manuscript writing; Mondelli M. F. C. G., Correia J. B., Bohn V and Lauris J. R. P. performed the literature review, manuscript writing and final revision; Feniman M. R. was responsible for the project and study design, in addition to general supervision of the performance steps and manuscript elaboration.
Received: 06 February 2020
Accepted: 29 March 2020
23 June 2020 (online)
© 2020. Fundação Otorrinolaringologia. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commecial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda.
Rua do Matoso 170, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 20270-135, Brazil
- 1 Shiraseb F, Siassi F, Qorbani M. et al. Higher dietary diversity is related to better visual and auditory sustained attention. Br J Nutr 2016; 115 (08) 1470-1480 https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114516000428/type/journal_article
- 2 Kontaxopoulou D, Beratis IN, Fragkiadaki S. et al. Incidental and Intentional Memory: Their Relation with Attention and Executive Functions. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2017; 32 (05) 519-532 https://academic.oup.com/acn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/arclin/acx027
- 3 Joseph JS, Chun MM, Nakayama K. Attentional requirements in a 'preattentive' feature search task. Nature 1997; 387 (6635): 805-807 http://www.nature.com/articles/42940
- 4 Neumann E, DeSchepper BG. Costs and benefits of target activation and distractor inhibition in selective attention. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 1991; 17 (06) 1136-1145 http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0278-7322.214.171.1246
- 5 Feniman MR, Ortelan RR, Lauris JRP, Campos CF, Cruz MS. Proposta de instrumento comportamental para avaliar a atenção auditiva sustentada. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol 2007; 73 (04) 523-527 Available from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-72992007000400011&lng=pt&tlng=pt
- 6 Lemos ICC, Feniman MR. Teste de Habilidade de Atenção Auditiva Sustentada (THAAS) em crianças de sete anos com fissura labiopalatina. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol (Engl Ed) 2010; 76 (02) 199-205 Available from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1808-86942010000200009&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en
- 7 Mondelli MFCG, de Carvalho FRP, Feniman MR, Lauris JRP. Perda auditiva leve: desempenho no Teste da Habilidade de Atenção Auditiva Sustentada. Pró-Fono Rev Atualização Científica [Internet]. 2010 Sep;22(3):245–50. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-56872010000300015&lng=pt&tlng=pt
- 8 Picolini M, Stivanin D, Sampaio A, Salvador K, Lauris J, Feniman M. Auditory Attention: Time of Day and Type of School. Arq Int Otorrinolaringol 2010; 14 (02) 174-179 Available from http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.7162/S1809-48722010000200005
- 9 Feniman MR, Rissatto AC, Lauris JR, Mondelli MF. Applicability of the free field Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test (SAAAT). Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2012; 16 (02) 269-277 http://www.thieme-connect.de/DOI/DOI?10.7162/S1809-97772012000200017
- 10 WHO. Grades of hearing impairment. World Health Organization; 2007
- 11 Jerger J. Clinical experience with impedance audiometry. Arch Otolaryngol 1970; 92 (04) 311-324 http://archotol.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=603185
- 12 Feniman MR. Aplicação do teste de atenção auditiva FC2 em crianças normais. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru - Universidade de São Paulo; 2004
- 13 Keith RW. ACPT: Auditory Continuous Performance Test. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation; 1994
- 14 Borba AC, José MR, Verardo LF, Feniman MR. Teste de habilidade de atenção auditiva sustentada em website: aplicabilidade e estudo comparativo. In: Anais do XXIV Congresso Brasileiro de Fonoaudiologia. São Paulo; 2016: 8616
- 15 Fernandes VM. Cortisol salivar e atenção auditiva sustentada. Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais - Universidade de São Paulo; 2017
- 16 Lima DO, de Araújo AMGD, Branco-Barreiro FCA, Carneiro Cda S, Almeida LNA, da Rosa MRD. Auditory attention in individuals with tinnitus. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol [Internet]. 2019 Mar; Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S180886941930014X
- 17 Shiraseb F, Siassi F, Sotoudeh G. et al. Association of blood antioxidants status with visual and auditory sustained attention. Nutr Neurosci 2015; 18 (08) 345-354 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1179/1476830515Y.0000000032
- 18 Roebuck H, Freigang C, Barry JG. Continuous Performance Tasks: Not Just About Sustaining Attention. J Speech Lang Hear Res 2016; 59 (03) 501-510 http://pubs.asha.org/doi/10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0068