CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2020; 55(06): 681-686
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1712137
Artigo Original

Study on Overload Injuries during Periods of Intense Physical Activity Complemented by Isokinetic Dynamometry Evaluation[]

Article in several languages: português | English
1  Centro de Saúde Militar de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
,
Frederico Silva
1  Centro de Saúde Militar de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
,
José Pedro Marques
1  Centro de Saúde Militar de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
,
Joaquim Cardoso
1  Centro de Saúde Militar de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
,
Lisete Mónico
2  Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
,
Fernando Fonseca
3  Serviço de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objective The present study aims to measure the incidence of overload injuries in training soldiers, who are subjected to intense physical exercise, and to compare it with a control group. Next, it intends to verify whether there is any relationship between overload injuries and some neuromuscular function parameters.

Methods Analytical, prospective observational study. Both the observational and the control group consisted of soldiers from the Portuguese Army. Clinical evaluation was performed by medical interview in the week prior to the beginning of a military parachuting course and in the week immediately after its completion. The neuromuscular performance was assessed by isokinetic dynamometry during the medical interview.

Results With 44 of the 57 military personnel in training complaining of pain, the observational group had significantly more injuries than the control group (p< 0.001). Five complaints had traumatic origin and 39 were overload injuries. Of the 39 military personnel with overload injuries, 21 reported limited sports performance. However, isokinetic dynamometry showed no statistically significant differences in neuromuscular performance (p = 0.223 and p = 0.229).

Conclusion Military personnel in training are prone to overload injuries, with an incidence rate > 70%. The implementation of strategies for injury monitoring and prevention is critical to promote health and physical capacity.

Study developed at Centro de Saúde Militar de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.




Publication History

Received: 21 November 2019

Accepted: 02 March 2020

Publication Date:
22 July 2020 (online)

© 2020. Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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