Journal of Pediatric Neurology
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1710515
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Neurological Nuance: Sporadic Burkitt's Lymphoma Presenting with Guillain–Barre's Syndrome

Nadia Bouattour
1  Department of Child Neurology, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
,
Fatma Kamoun
1  Department of Child Neurology, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
2  Research Laboratory “Neuropediatrics,” University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
,
Slim Charfi
3  Department of Pathology, Habib Bourguiba Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
,
Siham Ben Nsir
1  Department of Child Neurology, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
2  Research Laboratory “Neuropediatrics,” University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
,
Wafa Bouchaala
1  Department of Child Neurology, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
2  Research Laboratory “Neuropediatrics,” University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
,
Tahya Boudawara
3  Department of Pathology, Habib Bourguiba Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
,
Chahnez Triki
1  Department of Child Neurology, Hedi Chaker Hospital, Sfax, Tunisia
2  Research Laboratory “Neuropediatrics,” University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

01 February 2020

07 April 2020

Publication Date:
12 May 2020 (online)

Abstract

Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a high-grade mature B cell neoplasm. Primary lymphoma of the central nervous system (CNS) is very rare. In contrast, BL can be localized in any part of the body and may spread to the CNS. Peripheral nervous system impairment caused by BL has been thoroughly described. However, Guillain–Barre's syndrome (GBS) does not commonly appear as an initial manifestation of BL. We presented the case of a young child with sporadic BL with neuromeningeal involvement and spinal cord compression whose first clinical manifestation was the appearance of GBS. Lymphoma should be taken into account, especially in children presenting with the clinical features of acute polyradiculoneuropathy.