Factors Associated with the Need for Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting in Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Requiring Emergency Cerebrospinal Fluid DiversionFundingNone.
Introduction Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a serious medical condition that is frequently complicated by acute hydrocephalus, necessitating emergency cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion in a subset of patients, ultimately requiring long-term treatment via placement of permanent ventricular shunts. The present study aimed to determine factors associated with the need for permanent ventricular shunt placement in these patients.
Methods A total of 309 consecutive patients who underwent emergent CSF diversion with external ventricular drain (EVD) as a treatment for ICH between July 2009 and July 2018 were studied retrospectively to assess the factors that might be correlated with shunt-dependent chronic hydrocephalus. A binary logistic regression model was designed to identify independent related factors of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus after ICH.
Results Of 309 patients included in this study, 102 (33.00%) required permanent ventricular CSF shunting before discharge. In univariate analysis, age,ventriculitis, ICP elevation >30 mm Hg, ICH evacuation, the Graeb score, days of EVD in place, and CSF protein levels were significantly associated with the requirement for permanent CSF diversion (p < 0.05). The age and ICH evacuation were protective variables and the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt possibility was reduced by 22.6 and 63.5%, respectively.
Conclusion Our results showed that higher Graeb score, ICP elevation >30 mm Hg, more days of EVD in place, and higher CSF protein levels were associated with permanent CSF diversion in these patients. Advanced age and ICH evacuation decreased the possibility of VP shunting in our study.These factors may help in predicting which patients will need permanent CSF diversion and could ultimately lead to improvements in the management of these patients.
Keywordsintracerebral hemorrhage - hydrocephalus - cerebrospinal fluid diversion - external ventricular drain - ventriculoperitoneal shunt
10 June 2020 (online)
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
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