CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo)
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709734
Artigo de Atualização
Sociedade Brasileira de Ortopedia e Traumatologia. Published by Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Management of Supracondylar Humeral Fracture in Children

Article in several languages: português | English
1  Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Rede Mater Dei de Saúde, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
1  Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Rede Mater Dei de Saúde, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
,
1  Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Rede Mater Dei de Saúde, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

17 August 2019

27 January 2020

Publication Date:
23 July 2020 (online)

Abstract

Supracondylar humeral fracture represents ∼ 3 to 15% of all fractures in children. It is the fracture that most requires surgical treatment in the pediatric population. Advances in treatment and care have contributed to a reduction in the most dramatic complication: Volkmann ischemic contracture. Nevertheless, the risks inherent to the fracture remain. Absence of palpable pulse in type-III fractures is reported in up to 20% of the cases. Careful sensory, motor, and vascular evaluation of the affected limb is crucial in determining the urgency of treatment. Older children, male patients, floating elbow, and neurovascular injury are risk factors for compartment syndrome. Medial comminution can lead to varus malunion, even in apparently innocent cases. The recommended treatment of displaced fractures is closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. Technical errors in pin placement are the main cause of loss of reduction. There is enough evidence for the addition of a third lateral or medial Kirschner wire in unstable fractures (types III and IV). Medial comminution may lead to cubitus varus even in mild displaced fractures. Based on current concepts, a flowchart for the treatment of supracondylar humeral fracture in children is suggested by the authors.