Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020; 33(05): 308-315
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709694
Original Research

Good Inter- and Intra-Observer Reliability for Assessment of Radiographic Femoral and Tibial Frontal and Sagittal Planes Joints Angles in Normal Cats

1  Scuola di Bioscienze e Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Camerino, Matelica, Italy
,
Alberto Salvaggio
2  Clinica Veterinaria San Silvestro, VetSanSilvestro s.r.l, Castiglion Fiorentino (AR), Italy
,
Antonella Volta
3  Dipartimento di Scienze Medico-Veterinarie, Università di Parma, Parma (PR), Italy
,
Fabiola Emiliozzi
1  Scuola di Bioscienze e Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Camerino, Matelica, Italy
,
Riccardo Botto
1  Scuola di Bioscienze e Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Camerino, Matelica, Italy
,
Fabrizio Dini
1  Scuola di Bioscienze e Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli Studi di Camerino, Matelica, Italy
,
Massimo Petazzoni
4  Clinica Veterinaria Milano Sud, Peschiera Borromeo, (MI), Italy
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter- and intra-observer reliability of plain digital radiographs for assessing normal feline femoral and tibial joint reference angles in the sagittal and frontal planes.

Study Design This was a cadaveric radiographic anatomical study. that involved 20 short-haired domestic adult cats.

Materials and Methods Sagittal and frontal plane tibial and femoral joint angles of 40 limbs were measured twice by three observers with different levels of experience. Inter- and intraobserver reliability was determined by the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). An ICC > 0.75 was considered high correlation, 0.74 > ICC > 0.60 good correlation, 0.59 > ICC > 0.4 fair correlation and an ICC < 0.40 poor correlation.

Results Mean ± standard deviation angles were anatomic lateral proximal femoral angle (aLPFA) 110.6 ± 3.6; anatomic lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA) 91.9 ± 2.1; mechanical lateral proximal femoral angle; mLPFA (mLPFA) 107.3 ± 3.6; mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA) 95.5 ± 1.7; femoral neck anteversion (FNA) 121.9 ± 4.1; anatomical caudal proximal femoral angle (aCPFA) 156.1 ± 3.9; anatomical caudal distal femoral angle (aCDFA) 101.4 ± 1.4; mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA) 93.5 ± 1.2; mechanical medial distal tibial angle (mMDTA) 100.5 ± 2.3; mechanical cranial proximal tibial angle (mCrPTA) 113.1 ± 3.2; tibial plateau angle (TPA) 23.1 ± 3.2; mechanical cranial proximal tibial angle (mCrDTA) 86.7 ± 3.1.

The intra-observer ICC indicated high correlation for 70% or more of the measurements. The inter-observer agreement among observers was high. These results show that the radiographic method for measuring femoral and tibial joint angles was good or high, except for FNA and mCrDTA.

Conclusions This study provides some radiographic anatomical and mechanical joint angles of the femurs and tibias of normal domestic short-haired cats. We found good reliability for both intra- and interobserver measurements.

Authors' Contributions

Angela Palumbo Piccionello, Alberto Salvaggio and Massimo Petazzoni designed the research project; Riccardo Botto and Fabrizio Dini prepared the X-rays; Angela Palumbo Piccionello, Alberto Salvaggio and Fabiola Emiliozzi took the radiograph measurements; Antonella Volta processed the data and conducted the statistical analysis; Angela Palumbo Piccionello wrote the manuscript and Massimo Petazzoni supervised the manuscript.


Supplementary Material



Publication History

Received: 13 October 2019

Accepted: 09 March 2020

Publication Date:
14 May 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Stuttgart · New York