Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020; 33(05): 363-369
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709462
Clinical Communication

Triple Pelvic Osteotomy Fixed with Lag Screw for the Treatment of Pelvic Canal Stenosis in Five Cats

1  Eastcott Veterinary Hospital, Swindon, Wiltshire, United Kingdom
,
Leonardo Cavaliere
2  Policlinico Veterinario Roma Sud, Roma, Italy
,
Matteo Tommasini Degna
3  Ospedale Veterinario Gregorio VII, Roma, Italy
,
Federica Rossi
4  Clinica Veterinaria dell'Orologio, Sasso Marconi (BO), Italy
,
Guido Pisani
5  Centro Veterinario Luni Mare, Luni Mare, Luni (SP), Italy
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to describe the technique and the clinical outcome of cats with obstipation as a result of pelvic canal narrowing, treated using an alternative triple pelvic osteotomy technique.

Methods Five cats with obstipation as a result of pelvic canal narrowing due to pelvic fracture malunion or secondary hyperparathyroidism were treated by triple pelvic osteotomy. After performing the iliac osteotomy and medial partial cortical debridement (4/5 cases), the pelvic canal was widened by moving the caudal fragment of the ilium to the lateral aspect of the cranial fragment. The iliac fragments were fixed by a 2.7-mm lag screw (5/5 cases) and an additional 2 Kirschner wires 0.8 mm (1/5 cases).

Results The radiographic examination immediately postoperatively and 8 weeks postoperatively showed a mean pelvic canal enlargement of 20% (range 7–38%). Minor complication occurred in one case; this resolved 15 days postoperatively without any treatment. Complications and recurrence of obstipation did not occur during the final follow-up, ranging between 5 months and 1 year in any of these cases.

Clinical Significance The use of lag screw fixed triple pelvic osteotomy resulted in widening of the pelvic canal and led to a satisfactory outcome with no major complications. This technique is fast, requires no expensive implants and it is relatively straightforward. Further cases are required to determine the success and complication risk of the procedure.

Authors' Contributions

All authors contributed to conception of study, study design, acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. All authors also drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.




Publication History

Received: 04 August 2019

Accepted: 24 February 2020

Publication Date:
21 April 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Stuttgart · New York