CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Plast Surg 2020; 53(01): 042-050
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1709427
Original Article
Association of Plastic Surgeons of India

Retrospective Study of Prosthetic Augmentation Mammoplasty in Transwomen

T. M. Balakrishnan
1  Department of Plastic and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
,
Sandeep Nagarajan
1  Department of Plastic and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
,
J. Jaganmohan
1  Department of Plastic and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 April 2020 (online)

  

Abstract

Introduction Hormonal therapy and gender-conforming surgeries are the treatments of choice in appropriately selected male-to-female transsexuals. The Prosthetic Augmentation Mammoplasty (PAM) in transwomen is the second most common sex conforming procedure performed in our department.

Aim This study was aimed to assess the esthetic outcomes of PAM performed from 2007 to 2017 in 42 transwomen.

Patients and Methods It is a retrospective study wherein the documents of 42 transwomen who had undergone PAM were reviewed. Twenty-three transwomen who had pinch fold thickness more than 2.5 cm had undergone subglandular/subfascial (SG/SF) plane augmentation; rest had dual plane augmentation. All the cases were followed-up for an average period of 45 months. A validated institutional score for subjective assessment and objective assessment (by two independent observers) were used at the end of follow-up period.

Statistical Analysis Used Student’s t-test was used for statistical analysis.

Results On an average, 92.85% of transwomen achieved grade-A score with both subjective and objective assessment scoring system.

Conclusion PAM gives a finishing and colossal touch for transwomen to orient their somatic sex to psychic sex. To get the best cosmetic outcomes and lasting results the PAM in transwomen has to be made a more reasoning and scientific procedure rather than an emotional and irrational procedure. Author’s PAM approach facilitates transwomen to rejoice their veritable total genderness in harmony with their gender identity.