Behaviour specific cognition and affect for performing exercise among institutionalized elderly
Exercise is proved to have physical, psychological, and social benefit on health. This study explores the perceptions of the elderly for performing exercise. The study aimed to enhance the quality of life of the institutionalized elderly. The outcome of the study can be utilized to plan and implement effective intervention to promote health of the elderly population. The objective of the study is to describe the behaviour specific cognition and affect (factors) for performing exercise among institutionalized elderly. The conceptual framework for the study is based on Pender's Health Promotion Model. The study was conducted in selected old age homes of Udupi and South Canara district (n=29). Tool to assess the behaviour specific cognition and affect for the performance of exercise in old age was prepared by the researcher which include 33 items and was administered by self rated questionnaire. The analysis of the findings was done using descriptive statistics; frequency and percentage. Each item of the tool was analyzed separately using frequency and percentage. Majority of the participants found perceived benefit as it will improve mental health (93.1%) and will reduce stress (86.2%) and perceived barrier as difficulty to perform in old age (69%) and lack of information (55.2%). Perceived self-efficacy for performing exercise was feeling confidence (79.3%), and self-worthy (82.8%) to perform exercise. Activity related effect for performing exercise was that performing exercise will not make them sad. Motivation by the care givers (93.1%) to perform exercise, lack of awareness of the benefits of exercise from media (65.5%) were the interpersonal influences. Considering the situational influences 86.2% subjects felt the lack of facilities to perform exercise, 28 (96.6%) subjects felt there was no supervisor or trainer for exercise. The study explored various perceptions of elderly on performing exercise. Based on the factors health professionals and caregivers can plan and modify the interventions. This will help the nurse to promote independence and sense of achievement among the elderly and these measures help the elderly in preserving and promoting function rather than contributing to a decline in their status.
Received: 19 November 2016
Accepted: 02 February 2017
22 April 2020 (online)
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
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