Marfan Syndrome with CRHD
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an inheritable disorder caused by mutation of fibrillin-1 gene. It is the most common disorder among disorders of connective tissue. Its mode of inheritance is autosomal dominant. The reported prevalence of this disorder is one in three thousand (3000) to five (5000) thousand individuals. It presents with varied manifestation and different range of severity. The organ systems most commonly affected by this disorder include eyes, cardiovascular system, and musculoskeletal system.
The other systems which may be affected include respiratory system, skin, and central nervous system. It is diagnosed with the help of revised Ghent score which includes a set of various diagnostic criteria which need to be fulfilled. MFS in this patient was diagnosed after the fulfillment of the revised Ghent score criteria, which included a positive history of MFS in the family and a systemic score of 8.
In this case report, we are reporting a case of MFS which is unusual and remarkable in the sense that it is associated with chronic rheumatic heart disease (CRHD), and not the cardiovascular features which are usually present in cases of MFS. We tried to find a similar case if ever reported previously and, after extensive search, we could find only few cases   of MFS which were associated with CRHD.
17 December 2020 (online)
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