Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2020; 24(03): 256-261
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708087
Review Article

Biological Basis of Treatments of Acute Muscle Injuries: A Short Review

Ian Beggs
1  Analytic Imaging, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations


Muscle strains occur frequently in recreational and professional sports. This article considers various treatment options in a biological context and reviews evidence of their efficacy. Treatments reviewed include the PRICE principle (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation), early mobilization, physical therapy, hematoma aspiration, platelet-rich plasma injections, use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and local anesthetics, cellular therapies, and surgery.

Publication History

Publication Date:
28 September 2020 (online)

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