Synthesis 2021; 53(03): 489-497
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1705952
short review

Recent Advances in Photoacid Catalysis for Organic Synthesis

Jason Saway
,
Zena M. Salem
,
The authors are grateful to the College of Arts and Sciences and the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Seton Hall University for financial support. This work was supported by the Sloan Scholars Mentoring Network of the Social Science Research Council with funds provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Z.M.S. is thankful to the New Jersey Space Grant Consortium (NJSGC) and NASA for support.


Abstract

Photoacids are molecules that become more acidic upon the absorption of light. This short review highlights recent advances in the use of photoacids as catalysts for organic synthesis. Photoacid-catalyzed­ transformations discussed herein include: Protonation, glycosylation, acetalization, and arylation reactions.

1 Introduction

2 Protonation: Excited-State Proton Transfer (ESPT)

3 Glycosylation

4 Acetalization

5 Friedel–Crafts Arylation

6 Additional C–C and C–S Bond-Forming Reactions

7 Conclusion



Publication History

Received: 01 August 2020

Accepted after revision: 25 August 2020

Publication Date:
19 October 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

 
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