CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · International Journal of Nutrology 2017; 10(02): 037-045
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1705287
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Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Can the consumption of Seeds, Leaves and Fruit Peels avoid the risk factors for Cardiovascular Disorders?

Flavia Maria Vasques Farinazzi-Machado
1  Nutricionista, Doutoranda pela Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas, Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, UNESP, Botucatu (55 14 3811 7172) e Docente da Faculdade de Tecnologia de Alimentos - Fatec Marília/SP, Marília, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

18 May 2016

15 September 2016

Publication Date:
17 February 2020 (online)

ABSTRACT

Changes in the feeding pattern of the population have recently led to a greater occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors that contribute to a high rate of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The presence of beneficial bioactive compounds in fruits and processed sub-products have proven to have a negative association with risk factors, such as blood pressure reduction, plasmatic lipoproteins control and increased resistance of LDL-c to oxidation, in addition to glycemic control and antioxidant effects. The aim of this review is to show that several studies have demonstrated many different chemical compounds in seeds, leaves and fruit peels, including their metabolic and physiologic effects on the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. We reviewed the relevant literature by searching English-language publications in Pubmed, Google Scholar, Scielo and Lilacs, and references from relevant articles published since 2010, especially in the last five years. Eighty-seven relevant articles were included.