STRESS AND BURNOUT ASSESSMENT AMONG POST GRADUATE DENTAL STUDENTS
Context: High levels of stress and burnout affect the academic, and clinical learning process and long term health of the individual.
Aims: The aim of the study was to assess stress and burnout among post graduate dental students in a dental college in India
Settings and Design: 82 post graduate dental students enrolled in the MDS programme in a dental school in India completed the Graduate Dental Environment Stress (GDES) questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory. Burnout was assessed in three domains Emotional Exhaution, Depersonalization and Personal Accomplishment
Statistical analysis used: Summary statistics (proportions, mean and standard deviation) were used to summarize the responses to the Graduate Dental Environment Stress (GDES) questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory
Results: The statistical analysis revealed that the mean overall score on GDES 30 stress questionnaire was 2.28. Top three stressors among the Postgraduate students was lack of leisure time, examinations and assessments, and insecurity regarding professional future . Females had significantly higher stress rates . 21% of respondents were “cases of burnout” in the Emotional Exhaustion (EE) component, 29 % were “burnout” cases of Depersonalization (DP) while 54% were “burnout” cases in the Personal Accomplishment (PA) domain
Conclusions: Moderate to high levels of stress and burnout were detected among this study sample. There is a need to come up with effective strategies in the postgraduate curriculum to tackle stress and burnout.
Artikel online veröffentlicht:
22. April 2020
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India
- 1 Atkinson TM, Millar K, Kay EJ, Blinkhorn AS. Stress in dental practice. Dent Update 1991;18:60-4
- 2 Lloyd C, Musser LA. Psychiatric symptoms in dental students. J Nerv Ment Dis 1989 ;177(2):61–9
- 3 Schmitter M, Liedl M, Beck J, Rammelsberg P. Chronic stress in medical and dental education. Med Teach 2008;30:97–99
- 4 Thomas N K: Resident burnout. JAMA 2004; 292: 2880–9
- 5 Sanders A E, Lushington K: Sources of stress for Australian dental students. J Dent Educ 1999;63: 688–697
- 6 Tedesco LA.A Psychosocial perspective on the dental education experience and student performance .JDentEdu 1986;50:601-606
- 7 Divaris K, Lai CS, Polychronopoulou A, Eliades T, Katsaros C. Stress and burnout among Swiss dental residents. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2012; 122(7-8):610-5
- 8 Gorter R, Freeman R, Hammen S, Murtomaa H, Blinkhorn A, Humphris G.Psychological stress and health in undergraduate dental students:fifth year outcomes compared with first year baseline results from five European dental schools. Eur J Dent Educ 2008;12:61–8
- 9 Humphris G, Lilley J, Kaney S, Broomfield D:Burnout and stress-related factors among junior staff of three dental hospital specialties. Br Dent J 1997;183:15–21
- 10 Alemany Martínez A, Berini Aytés L, Gay Escoda C. The burnout syndrome and associated personality disturbances. The study in three graduate programs in Dentistry at the University of Barcelona. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;13:E444-50
- 11 Divaris K, Polychronopoulou A, Taoufik A, Katsaros C, Eliades T.Stress and burnout in postgraduate dental education. Eur J Dent Educ 2012;16:35–42
- 12 Garbee WH, Zucker SB, Selby GR. Perceived sources of stress among dental students. J Am Dent Assoc 1980;100:853-7.
- 13 Maslach C, Jackson S E, Leiter M P. Maslach Burnout Inventory Manual, Palo Alto, CA 3rd ed. Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc; 1996
- 14 Sofola OO, Jeboda SO. Perceived sources of stress in Nigerian dental students. Eur J Dent Educ 2006;10:20–3
- 15 Polychronopoulou A, Divaris K.Dental students'perceived sources of stress: a multi-countrystudy. J Dent Educ 2009;73:631–9
- 16 Alzahem AM, van der Molen HT, Alaujan AH, Schmidt H G, Zamakhshary MH. Stress amongst dental students: a systematic review. Eur J Dent Educ 2011;15:8–18
- 17 Polychronopoulou A, Divaris K: A longitudinal study of Greek dental students' perceived sources of stress. J Dent Educ2010;74:524–30
- 18 Madhan B, Rajpurohit A, Gayathri H. Mental health of postgraduate orthodontic students in India: A multi-institution survey. J Dent Educ 2012; 76(2): 200-9.
- 19 Naidu RS, Adams JS, Simeon D, Persad S. Sources of stress and psychological disturbance among dental stu¬dents in the West Indies. J Dent Educ 2002;66(9):1021–30
- 20 Newbury-Birch D, Lowry RJ, Kamali F. The changing patterns of drinking, illicit drug use, stress, anxiety, and depression in dental students in a UK dental school: a longitudinal study. Br Dent J 2002;192(11):646–9.
- 21 Pau A, Rowland ML, Naidoo S, AbdulKadir R, Makrynika E, Moraru R, Huang B, Croucher R.. Emotional intelligence and perceived stress in dental undergraduates: a multinational survey. J Dent Educ 2007;71(2):197–99
- 22 Schéle I, Hedman L, Hammarström A.Shared ambiguity but different experiences and demands among dental students – a gender perspective. Qualitative Research in Psychology 2011;8(1):1–25
- 23 Polychronopoulou A, Divaris K: Perceived sources of stress among Greek dental students. J Dent Educ 2005; 69: 687–92