CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2014; 04(04): 039-041
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703829
Original Article


Elizabeth Rajan
1  Senior Lecturer, Lourdes College of Nursing, Cochin, Kerala, India.
Sabitha Nayak
2  Vice Principal, Nitte Usha Institute of Nursing Sciences, Nitte University, Mangalore - 575 018, India.
› Author Affiliations


The study was conducted on Effectiveness of self instructional module on knowledge of post operative self care for mothers undergoing elective caesarean section in selected hospitals, Mangalore. The research design was a one group pre test post test design which was a pre experimental research design. 40 mothers undergoing elective caesarean section by purposive sampling.

The pretest knowledge questionnaire was administered to the mothers two days prior to caesarean section, followed by a self instructional module on post operative self care. Post test was conducted after 5 days using the same tool. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean knowledge score was 14.98 whereas maximum possible score was 30. Among the 11 areas, the mean percentage knowledge score in the area of caesarean section and self care was 77.50% bladder and bowel care was 60% breast feeding was 58.40% diet was 52.50% pain management was 47.50% post operative complications and home care was 46% baby care was 44.33% early ambulation and exercise was 44% perineal hygiene was 41% wound care was 40.67% and deep breathing and coughing was 40.67%.

The 't' value showed significant in the post test ('t' calculated value of pretest and post test knowledge scores = 18.000, p<0.001) which showed that self-instructional module was effective in improving the knowledge of mothers on post operative self care after caesarian section.

There was significant association between the level of knowledge and demographic variables namely age parity, education, occupation, monthly income, exposure to health awareness and history of caesarean section.

Publication History

Publication Date:
26 April 2020 (online)

© .

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India

  • References

  • 1 Orshman AS. Maternity Newborn and Women's Health Nursing.1st edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins publishers; 2008.
  • 2 Fraser DM, Cooper MA, Fletcher G. Myles Textbook of Midwives. 14th edition. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone, 2003.
  • 3 Lowdermilk LD, Perry ES. Maternity and Woman's Health Care 8th edition. Missouri: Mosby Publishers; 2004.
  • 4
  • 5 Vijaya SS, Menon AV, Breast feeding teaching for better practice. The Nursing Journal of India 2002, Aug; LXXXXIII (8):173-75.
  • 6 Orji EO, Olabode TO, Kuti O, Ogunniyi SO. A randomized controlled trial of early initiation of oral feeding after caesarean section J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2009 Jan; 22(1):65-71.
  • 7 Yasoda. Effectiveness of planned teaching programme on self perineal toileting in postnatal mothers. Indian Journal of Nursing and midwifery 2002 Mar; 70(1):34-5.