CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2014; 04(03): 043-044
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703799
Original Article


Arunachalam Kumar
1  Professor of Anatomy, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangalore - 575 018, India
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The human body's structure is remarkable in that it is basically uniform across the populations. Apart from a few dissimilarities in skin color and external features, at the visceral and microscopic levels, man is unusually identical. Minor ethnic variations, both acquired or congenital and atavistic traits apart, human morphology is universal.

In this brief communication I present and discuss an observation made on the position of the free upper limb in the erect adult. It is seen that body weight influences forelimb position. In the stout, stocky and overweight, the upper limb is at rest, held medially rotated (axially); the degree of axial rotation being directly related to the increase in body weight.


26. April 2020 (online)

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  • References

  • 1 Arunachalam Kumar (2003) The 'Thumb Sign' in the Overweight, British Medical Journal (Asian Ed.) Vol.19: No.3: pp 16-17
  • 2 Arunachalam Kumar, Forelimb axial rotation and obesity
  • 3 Arunachalam Kumar (2002) The 'Thumb Sign' in obesity, Human Races Monthly, Vol.1, No.10