CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2014; 04(01): 138-140
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703753
Case Report

VARIOUS ANOMALIES OF THE THORAX

Vrinda Hari Ankolekar
1  Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Madhavnagar, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, INDIA
,
Antony Sylvan D'Souza
2  Professor & HOD, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Madhavnagar, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, INDIA
,
Lydia S. Quadros
3  Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Madhavnagar, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, INDIA
,
Mamatha H.
4  Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Madhavnagar, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, INDIA
,
Suhani S.
5  Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Madhavnagar, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, INDIA
,
Hemalatha S. Bangera
6  P.G. Students, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Madhavnagar, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, INDIA
,
Radhakrishnan› Author Affiliations

Abstract:

During routine dissection of the thoracic region of a 55-year old male cadaver, in the department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, various anomalies were noticed in the thoracic region.

a) The arch of aorta gave rise to four branches, the right common carotid artery, left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery and a right subclavian artery. The origin of the right subclavian artery was to the left of the midline and in order to reach the right arm, the artery coursed behind both the trachea and oesophagus.

b) Cervical rib was present on both the sides.

c) Thoracic duct coursed on the same side without crossing to the left at the T5 vertebral level.

d)Hemiazygos vein was underdeveloped.



Publication History

Publication Date:
24 April 2020 (online)

© .

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India

 
  • References:

  • 1 Fockens P. EUS imaging of the arteria lusoria: case series and review. Gastroenterol Endosc 2000; 52:670-3.
  • 2 Levitt B, Richter JE. Dysphagia lusoria: a comprehensive review. Dis Esophagus 2007; 20:455-60.
  • 3 Janssen M, Baggen MGA, Veen HF. Dysphagia lusoria: clinical aspects, manometric findings, diagnosis, and therapy. Am J Gastro enterol 2000; 95:1411-6.
  • 4 Coscina WF, Arger PH, Mintz MC, Coleman BG. Concurrent duplication and azygos continuation of the inferior vena cava. J Comput Tomogr. 1986;10:287–90.
  • 5 Takasugi JE, Godwin JD. CT appearance of the retroaortic anastomoses of the azygos system. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990;154:41–4.
  • 6 Fisher MS. Eve's rib. Radiology 1981; 140:841.
  • 7 Oestreich AE. Cervical rib simulating fracture of the first rib in suspected child abuse. Radiology 1996; 199(2): 582.
  • 8 Krutsiak VN, Polianskii IIu. Development of the thoracic duct in the prenatal period of human ontogeny. Arkh Anat Gistol Embriol. 1983;85(11):79-84.