AWARENESS OF RISK FACTORS OF DIABETES AND PRACTICES REGARDING ITS PREVENTION AMONG THE ADOLESCENTS
Introduction: India leads the world with largest number of diabetic subjects, and hence also termed as the Diabetic Capital of the world. Education is the cornerstone of diabetes prevention. Because of lack of awareness, most people suffer from diabetes at an early age. Before population-based interventions can be implemented, an assessment of knowledge and awareness of risk factors for Diabetes and practices to prevent it among adolescents is needed.
Aims & Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of risk factors of diabetes and the practices regarding its prevention among the adolescents
Materials and Method: The study was community based cross sectional type. A reviewed, self-prepared questionnaire consisting of questions based on the awareness of the risk factors and the practices regarding its prevention was prepared. Data was collected from 600 adolescents of age group 16-18years. Students from 4 pre-university colleges in Mangalore, Dakshina Kannada district, were selected as the study group.
Results: 433% were aware that smoking was a risk factor for diabetes. 48.33% of students said that consumption of sweets can lead to diabetes. 8.66% of students agreed that mental stress can lead to diabetes. Physical inactivity, as a risk factor for diabetes was known by 7.33% of them. Only 5.5% and 5.33% of students were aware that family history and obesity respectively, can lead to diabetes. 93.67% of the students have not had themselves tested for diabetes. 99.16% of subjects are non-smokers. 98.16% do not consume alcohol. 53.67% do not exercise regularly.
24 April 2020 (online)
Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India
- 1 Arslanian S. Type 2 Diabetes in Children: Clinical Aspects and Risk Factors;Horm Res 2002;57(suppl1):19-28
- 2 Michael I. Goran, Geoff D. C. Ball, And Martha L. Cruz;Obesity and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease in Children and Adolescents, Departments of Preventive Medicine and Physiology & Biophysics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90033;The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 88(4):1417-1427
- 3 ArashMahajerin, Andrew Fras,Thomas E. Vanhecke, Jeremiah Ledesma, Assessment of Knowledge, Awareness and Self-Reported Risk Factors for Type II Diabetes among adolescents; Journal of Adolescent Health; Volume 43, Issue 2, August 2008, Pages 188-190
- 4 Deepa Mohan, DeepaRaj, CS Shanthirani, Manila Dutta, NC Unwin, A Kapor, V. Mohan; Awareness and Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus in Chennai-The Chennai urban epidemiology study; JAPI, Volume 53, April 2005
- 5 Teenage Diabetes Rates Boarlon point with Toom Ash Ashbrook;www. onpoint. wbur. org/2012/05/24/teenage diabetes
- 6 Hussain HY, Abdulsatar BA. ; Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use among Iraqi adolescents: Iraq GYTS 2012;Toblnduc Dis. 2013 Jun 28;11(1):14
- 7 Alfgeir Logi Kristjansson, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, and John Ρ Allegrante, Adolescent substance use and peer use: a multilevel analysis of cross-sectional population data; Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2013; 8:27.
- 8 Chen LJ, Hassee, FoxKR, University of Bristol, Department of exercise, nutrition and health science, centre for sport, exercise and health, TyndallAvenue,Bristol;Physical activity among Adolescents in Taiwan;Asia Pacific Journal of clinical nutrition 2007 16(2)354-36