CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2014; 04(01): 072-078
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703734
Original Article

JACOBSON'S PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION (JPMR) TRAINING TO REDUCE ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION AMONG PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV

Prameelarani Bommareddi
1  Students P.B.B.Sc (N), Department of Mental Health Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing Manipal, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka, India
,
Blessy Prabha Valsaraj
2  Associate Professor, Department of Mental Health Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing Manipal, Manipal University, Manipal - 576 104, Karnataka, India
,
Shalini› Institutsangaben

Abstract:

Background: The term AIDS refers only to the last stage of the HIV infection. AIDS can be called as our modern pandemic affecting both industrialized and developing countries.

Objectives: To assess the anxiety and depression among people living with HIV as measured by HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), to determine the effectiveness of JPMR in terms of reduction in the mean posttest anxiety and depression scores, to find the association of anxiety and depression among people living with HIV with selected demographic and disease specific variables.

Materials and Methods: one group pre test and post test design was used. 30 people living with HIV who were admitted at ART center, District Hospital, Udupi were selected and different scales on anxiety and depression scale for people living with HIV were administered. Purposive sampling technique was used for the study.

Results: Out of 30 subjects, 13.30% (4) experienced abnormal anxiety and 16.7% (5) abnormal depression. There was significance difference between mean difference of pretest and post test scores of anxiety (t=8.471, df=29, p=0.001) and depression (t=6.811, df=29, p=0.001). Anxiety is independent of the selected variables (Demographic and disease specific). Depression is dependent on previous history of psychiatric illness (÷2=6.584, df =2, p=0.037).

Conclusion: JPMR is a simple non-invasive, cost effective method. The result showed that JPMR training had a positive effect in reducing the anxiety and depression and JPMR can be used as an effective alternative therapy.



Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
24. April 2020 (online)

© .

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India

 
  • Reference

  • 1 HIV/AIDS Basic facts. Karnataka State Prevention Society. March 2002; 8-9.
  • 2 Park K. Textbook of preventive and social medicine.21th edition. M/S Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers: Jabalpur: India; 2011.
  • 3 Global report. UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2010. Available from http://data.unaids.org/pub/globalreport.
  • 4 Sammod Vardhana M and Bairy Laxminarayana K. Depression in patients with HIV/AIDS. Kasturba Medical College, Manipal and Karnataka, India Kuwait Medical Journal 2007, 39 (3): 227-230.
  • 5 Townsend M C. Psychiatric mental health nursing concept of care 5th edition. Philadelphia: F. A Davis publishers; 2005.
  • 6 Zigmond, A.S, Snaith, R.P. 1983, The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. ActaPsychiatricaScandinavica, vol. 67, pp. 361-370.
  • 7 Prabha S. Chandra, Geetha Desai and Sanjeev Ranjan. HIV and psychiatric disorders. Bangalore and Manipal Institute of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India. 2005.
  • 8 Isao Fukunishi, Takashi Hosaka, Tomoko Matsumoto, Motoko Hayashi, Masayoshi Negishi, Liaison Psychiatry And HIV Infection : Application Of Relaxation In HIV Positive Patients. Regular Article Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (1997), 51, 5-8 29). 2005; 50: 305-308.