CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2014; 04(01): 042-045
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703729
Original Article

KNOWLEDGE REGARDING CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS AMONG PEOPLE IN SOUTH INDIA: A COMMUNITY BASED STUDY

Joby Francis
1  Students P.B.B.Sc (N), Yenepoya Nursing College, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
,
Josmi Jose
1  Students P.B.B.Sc (N), Yenepoya Nursing College, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
,
Joyse K. Sunny
1  Students P.B.B.Sc (N), Yenepoya Nursing College, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
,
Juvairiya U. S.
1  Students P.B.B.Sc (N), Yenepoya Nursing College, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
,
Sanil Varghese
2  Lecturer, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
› Institutsangaben

Abstract:

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the world. While it is well established as the foremost contributor to mortality in most developed countries, it is also a major and rapidly rising cause of death in many developing countries. To assess the existing knowledge of people regarding cardiovascular risk factors. This community based descriptive study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding cardiovascular risk factors among community people. They were selected through Non probability convenient sampling and pre-validated semi-structured questionnaire related to various aspects of cardiovascular risk factors used. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 16 and the results expressed as proportion. A total of 100 community people surveyed, majority of the participants (98%) had average level of knowledge regarding cardiovascular risk factors. There was a significant association between knowledge and age (x2 =5.09, p<0.05). There was a significant association between knowledge and education (X2 =4.38, p<0.05). Majority of the participants (76%) did not have family history of heart diseases. The study reflects that majority of the participants (98%) had average level of knowledge regarding cardiovascular risk factors. Hence it is necessary to educate the people in community regarding cardio vascular risk factors.



Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
24. April 2020 (online)

© .

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India

 
  • References:

  • 1 Reddy NK, Kumar DN, Rayudu NV, Sastry BK, Raju BS. Prevalence of risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis in a cross-sectional population.
  • 2 Walsh B. Asia's war with heart disease time. 2004. p. 164.
  • 3 World Health Organization. World health report: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. Geneva: WHO; 2002.
  • 4 McKeigue PM, Ferrie JE, Pierpont T, Marmot MG. Association of earlyonset coronary heart disease in South Asian men with glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinemia. Circulation. 1993;87:152–61.
  • 5 Juster RP, Sindi S, Marin MF, Perna A, Hashemi A, et al. A clinical allostatic load index is associated with burnout symptoms and hypocortisolemic profiles in healthy workers. Psychoneuroendocrinology
  • 6 Christos E, Pistavos, DemosthenesB, Panagiotakos, Christina A, Chrysohoou et al. Education and acute coronarysyndromes: result from the CARDIO 2000 epidemological study. Bulletin of world health organization 2002; 80(5): 371 – 376.
  • 7 Dickerson SS, Kemeny ME. Acute stressors and cortisol responses: a theoretical integration and synthesis of laboratory research. Psychol Bull. 2004;130:355–391.
  • 8 Stergiopulos N, Meister JJ, Westerhof N. Simple and accurate way for estimating total and segmental arterial compliance: the pulse pressure method. Ann Biomed Eng. 1994;22:392–397.