CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2014; 04(01): 024-027
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703726
Original Article


Lekshmi A. R.
1   Student M. Sc. (N), Department of Community Health Nursing Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India
Ansuya, Manjula › Author Affiliations


Background: Millions of women worldwide who are sexually active, who would prefer to avoid becoming pregnant, but are not using any contraception, these women are considered to have an “unmet need” for Family Planning. The concept of “unmet need” points to 1 the gap between some women's reproductive intensions and their contraceptive behaviour. Bridging the gap can lead to a great success in the family planning programme and realization of the dream of stable population.

Objectives: To assess the unmet need of family planning and the factors influencing the unmet need among married women.

Materials and Methods:A descriptive survey was under taken among 280 married women selected using purposive sampling. Data were collected using structured questionnaire.

Results: About 41.1% of the total subjects had the unmet need for family planning in that 32.2% were having unmet need for spacing and 67.8% for limiting. Majority (55.7%) were not using family planning because of fertility related reasons. The study revealed that there was a significant association between unmet need and variables like age and number of living children. There was a significant association between unmet need and fertility related reasons.

Conclusion: Since the unmet need of family planning is existing, awareness of the public in relation to family planning should be ongoing especially to the general public with lower level of education.

Publication History

Article published online:
24 April 2020

© .

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
A-12, Second Floor, Sector -2, NOIDA -201301, India

  • Reference:

  • 1 Saini NK, Bhasin SK, Sharma R, Yadav G. Study of unmet need for family planning in a resettlement colony of east delhi. Health and population –perspectives and issues. 2007;30(2):124-133.
  • 2 Cali S, Kalaca S, Sariyaka O. Minimising missed oppurtunities: an approach to decrease the unmet need for family planning. European journal of contraception and reproductive health care.2004;9(4):285- 289.
  • 3 Puri A, Garg S, Mehra M. Assesment of unmet need for contraception in an urban slum of Delhi. Indian journal of community medicine. 2004; 29(3):139-140.
  • 4 Govindaswamy P ,Boadi E. A decade of unmet need for contraception in Ghana : Programmatic and policy implications [internet] 2000 August. Available from
  • 5 Ram R, Ghosh MN, Bhattacharya S, Halder A, Chatterjee C, Naskar N. Study of Unmet need for family planning among married women of reproductive age attending immunization clinic of Calcutta. Indian journal of community medicine. 2000;25(1):22-25.
  • 6 Umbeli T, Mukhtar A , Abusalab MA. Study of unmet need for family planning in Dar Assalaam, Sudan. Eastern Mediterranean health journal.2005; 11(4): 594-600.
  • 7 Thang MN, Anh DN. Accessibility and use of contraceptive in Vietnam. Indian Family planning perspectives. 2002;28(4):214-219.