CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2013; 03(02): 051-057
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1703654
Original Article


Raghava Sharma
1   Professor, Dept of Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE University, Deralakatte, Mangalore - 575 018
Shashank Shetty
2   Sr Resident, Dept of Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE University, Deralakatte, Mangalore - 575 018
› Author Affiliations


Tobacco smoking is an universal problem. There are about 120 million smokers in India in the age group of 30-69 years and have an increased cardiovascular and renal risks in addition to other risks attributable to smoking..

The present study was aimed to assess the cardiovascular and renal risks especially among the young smokers in the age group of 20-40 years. After all necessary administrative and ethical clearances a cross sectional study was conducted at the tertiary care medical college hospital located at Mangalore. 75 young male smokers in the age group of 20-40 years along with equal number of age, sex matched non smokers as controls were recruited and each one were assessed for Blood pressure(BP), Electro cardiographic changes(ECG changes), and Glomerular filtration rate(GFR).

In the present study Smoking resulted in high systolic blood pressure and prolonged QT interval (QTc) as compared to the non smokers, thus increasing the risk of Sudden cardiac death among smokers. Longer duration of smoking of more than 10 years resulted in Pre hypertension and reduced GFR in comparison to smokers with lesser duration of smoking of less than 10 years.

This study highlights the need to tackle “Smoking” among young adults more aggressively to avoid the potential cardiovascular and renal complications, as Tobacco smoking is a major modifiable risk factor for the same.

Publication History

Article published online:
27 April 2020

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