Non-Contrast-Enhanced Carotid MRA: Clinical Evaluation of a Novel Ungated Radial Quiescent-Interval Slice-Selective MRA at 1.5T.
21 April 2020 (online)
Zielsetzung Non-contrast-enhanced MRA techniques have experienced a renaissance due to the known correlation between the use of gadolinium-based contrast agents and the development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and the deposition of gadolinium in some brain regions. The purpose of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of ungated non-contrast-enhanced radial quiescent-interval slice-selective MRA of the extracranial supra-aortic arteries in comparison with conventional contrast-enhanced MRA in patients with clinical suspicion of carotid stenosis.
Material und Methoden In this prospective study, both MRA pulse sequences were performed in 31 consecutive patients (median age, 68.8 years; 19 men). For the evaluation, the cervical arterial system was divided into 35 segments (right and left side). Three blinded reviewers separately evaluated these segments. An ordinal scoring system was used to assess the image quality of arterial segments and the stenosis grading of carotid arteries.
Ergebnisse Overall venous contamination in quiescent-interval slice-selective MRA was rated as "none" by all readers in 84.9% of cases and in 8.1% of cases in contrast-enhanced MRA (P < .0001). The visualization quality of arterial segments was considered good to excellent in 40.2% for the quiescent-interval slice-selective MRA and in 52.2% for the contrast-enhanced MRA (P < .0001). The diagnostic accuracy of ungated quiescent-interval slice-selective MRA concerning the stenosis grading showed a total sensitivity and specificity of 85.7% and 90.0%, respectively.
Schlußfolgerungen Ungated quiescent-interval slice-selective MRA can be used clinically as an alternative to contrast-enhanced MRA without a significantly different image quality or diagnostic accuracy for the detection of carotid stenosis at 1.5T.