CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2020; 55(05): 523-531
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1702954
Artigo de Atualização
Quadril

Femoroacetabular Impingement and Acetabular Labral Tears – Part 2: Clinical Diagnosis, Physical Examination and Imaging

Article in several languages: português | English
1  Grupo de Quadril, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo (FCMSCSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
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2  Grupo de Quadril, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
1  Grupo de Quadril, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo (FCMSCSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
2  Grupo de Quadril, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
1  Grupo de Quadril, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo (FCMSCSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
,
1  Grupo de Quadril, Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo (FCMSCSP), São Paulo, SP, Brasil
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The clinical diagnosis of femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) continues to evolve as the understanding of normal and pathological hips progresses. Femoral acetabular impingement is currently defined as a syndrome in which the diagnosis consists of the combination of a previously-obtained comprehensive clinical history, followed by a consistent and standardized physical examination with specific orthopedic maneuvers. Additionally, radiographic and tomographic examinations are used for the morphological evaluation of the hip, and to ascertain the existence of sequelae of childhood hip diseases and the presence of osteoarthritis. The understanding of the femoral and acetabular morphologies and versions associated with images of labral and osteochondral lesions obtained through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contributes to the confirmation of this syndrome in symptomatic patients, and helps in the exclusion of differential diagnoses such as iliopsoas tendon snaps, subspine impingement, ischiofemoral impingement, and other hip joint pathologies.



Publication History

Received: 16 October 2019

Accepted: 05 December 2019

Publication Date:
17 July 2020 (online)

© 2020. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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