CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian Journal of Neurosurgery 2020; 09(01): 42-48
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402534
Review Article

Unusual and Rare Pneumocephalus Presentations in a Tertiary Care Center: Management Strategies and Review of Literature

Rajanandhan Viswanathan
1   Institute of Neurosurgery, Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Venkatesan Sanjeevi
1   Institute of Neurosurgery, Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Balasubramanian Dhandapani
1   Institute of Neurosurgery, Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.


Pneumocephalus has various forms of presentations and a diverse etiology ranging from trauma to iatrogenic craniotomies and spinal surgeries. Most cases are benign and uncomplicated and resolve with minimal or no intervention. Few cases of pneumocephalus or pneumoventricles are either persistent despite treatment or present in various unique forms leading to considerable difficulty in the diagnosis and management of these patients. In this study, we analyze six cases of pneumocephalus with unusual and rare form of presentations and discuss their management strategies along with a review of relevant literature.

Publication History

Article published online:
11 February 2020

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