CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU 2019; 09(03): 116-120
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402084
Original Article

Amelioration of Diabetic Nephropathy in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats by Acacia catechu Leaves Extract

Prima D’souza
1  Department of Anatomy, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Rajendra Holla
2  Department of Pharmacology, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Gangadhara Swamy
3  Department of Anatomy, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Center, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations


Objective The present study was performed to evaluate the ethanolic extract of leaves of Acacia catechu (A. catechu) for its effect on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM) and its renal complications in male Wistar albino rats.

Materials and Methods Male Wistar albino rats were grouped into control (A), STZ-induced DM (B), STZ-induced DM rats with A. catechu orally of 75 mg/kg body weight (kbw) for 35 days (C), with each group having six rats (n = 6) weighing between 200 to 250 g each. Group A receives only water, orally; group B receives a single dose of STZ at 45 mg/kbw intraperitoneal administration (IP); group C receives STZ IP and oral A. catechu for 35 days. On the 36th day, animals were euthanized, the kidney tissues were analyzed for biochemical parameters, such as GOT (glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase), GPT (glutamic pyruvic transaminase), oxidative stress assessment parameters, and histopathological studies.

Results In group C rats, activities of the enzymes were nearer to group A when compared with group B. Histopathological findings were also suggesting that renal toxicity were observed at a lesser extent in group C.

Conclusion The ethanolic extract of A. catechu signified as nephroprotective effect. The present data could provide adequate confirmation of the efficacy of ethanolic extract of leaves of A. catechu for further experimental studies on a standardized formulation.

Publication History

Received: 26 September 2019

Accepted: 18 November 2019

Publication Date:
05 February 2020 (online)

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