Semin Neurol 2020; 40(01): 138-150
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-3402065
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Current Understanding and Clinical Management of Meniere's Disease: A Systematic Review

1  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada–ibs. GRANADA, Granada, Spain
2  Otology & Neurotology Group CTS495, Department of Genomic Medicine – Centro de Genómica e Investigación Oncológica – Pfizer/Universidad de Granada/Junta de Andalucía (Genyo), PTS, Granada, Spain
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2  Otology & Neurotology Group CTS495, Department of Genomic Medicine – Centro de Genómica e Investigación Oncológica – Pfizer/Universidad de Granada/Junta de Andalucía (Genyo), PTS, Granada, Spain
3  Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria–ibs.GRANADA, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, Spain
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Funding J.A.L.E. has received funding from ISCIII by FEDER Funds from EU (Grants PI17/1644 and INT18/00031).
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Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
30. Dezember 2019 (online)

Abstract

Meniere's disease (MD) is a set of uncommon disorders with core phenotype of tinnitus, episodic vertigo, and sensorineural hearing loss. MD shows a genetic predisposition and a family history is found in 10% cases, with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. It is a multifactorial condition whose onset and development are triggered by the combined effect of genetic and environmental factors. Histopathological studies have associated MD with the accumulation of endolymph in the cochlea and the vestibular organs. However, endolymphatic hydrops does not fully explain the persistence of tinnitus, hearing loss progression, or the frequency of vertigo attacks.

There are several comorbidities associated with MD, such as migraine, anxiety, autoimmune, and autoinflammatory disorders, adding more complexity to the phenotype. This “extended phenotype” can make the diagnosis and clinical management more complex, but it could also lead to a better characterization, understanding, and treatment of MD patients.

We have conducted a systematic review on MD to update current knowledge, focusing on its mechanisms, diagnosis, comorbidities, and practical management.