Bilateral Smell Preservation is Routinely Possible following Endoscopic Endonasal Approach for Sellar/Suprasellar LesionsFunding This research was supported by grants from the Taipei Veterans General Hospital (V108C-088) to M. Y. L.
12 April 2019
15 October 2019
28 November 2019 (online)
Objective The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has been shown to be an effective means to access sellar lesions. However, there are limited studies centered on evaluating olfactory function after surgery. In this study, we assessed the pre- and postoperative olfactory function of patients who underwent EEA for sellar and suprasellar lesions. The impact of nasoseptal flap use on olfaction was further analyzed.
Study Design A retrospective study.
Setting A tertiary-care referral center in Taiwan.
Participants Patients with sellar and suprasellar lesions who underwent EEA and pre- and postoperative olfaction assessment from August 2015 to March 2018 were included in the study.
Main Outcome Measures The patients' olfactory function was examined pre-and postoperatively using the Sniffin' Sticks odor identification test. Data regarding demographics, olfactory scores, pathology, reconstructive technique, graft usage, and extent of resection were retrieved.
Results A total of 106 patients (36 males and 70 females) were enrolled, with a mean age of 51 years. There were 76 pituitary tumors, 12 Rathke's cleft cysts, 7 craniopharyngiomas, 7 meningiomas, and 4 other lesions. The nasoseptal flap was used in 39 patients for skull base reconstruction, and these patients had no statistically significant change between pre- and postoperative olfactory scores (p = 0.283). Moreover, a statistically significant improvement of olfactory scores was found in patients in whom the nasoseptal flap was not used.
Conclusions Olfactory function may be reliably preserved after EEA, with or without nasoseptal flap harvest and use.
K. C. T. and W. H. W. contributed to data collection and manuscript preparation. M. Y. L. and Y. Y. L. contributed to project design, expert opinion, and review and approval of the final manuscript. E. C. K. contributed to expert opinion, and review and approval of the final manuscript.
* Kuan-Chung Ting and Wei-Hsin Wang contributed equally to this article.
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