Postoperative Venous Thromboembolism after Neurotologic Surgery
17 May 2019
28 September 2019
14 November 2019 (online)
Objective This study aimed to determine the incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adults undergoing neurotologic surgery at a single center.
Methods The records of adults undergoing neurotologic surgery from August 2009 to December 2016 at a tertiary care hospital were reviewed for VTE within 30 postoperative days. Particular attention was focused on postoperative diagnosis codes, imaging, and a keyword search of postoperative notes. Caprini risk scores were calculated.
Results Among 387 patients, 5 experienced postoperative VTE including 3 cases of pulmonary embolism (PE) and 2 cases of isolated deep vein thrombosis (DVT). All patients were given sequential compression devices perioperatively, and none received preoperative chemoprophylaxis. Patients with Caprini score > 8 had a significantly higher rate of VTE compared with those < 8 (12.5 vs. 1%, p = 0.004). Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed the Caprini risk assessment model to be a fair predictor of VTE, with a C-statistic of 0.70 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.49–0.92).
Conclusion While no specific validated VTE risk stratification scheme has been widely accepted for patients undergoing neurotologic surgery, the Caprini score appears to be a useful predictor of risk. The benefits of chemoprophylaxis should be balanced with the risks of intraoperative bleeding, as well as the potential for postoperative intracranial hemorrhage.
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