Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2020; 33(03): 161-166
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700988
Original Research
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Duration and Onset of Clinical Signs on Short-Term Outcome of Dogs with Hansen Type I Thoracolumbar Intervertebral Disc Extrusion

David A. Upchurch
1  Department of Clinical Sciences (Upchurch, Renberg, and Turner), and the Beef Cattle Institute (McLellan), College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States
,
Walter C. Renberg
1  Department of Clinical Sciences (Upchurch, Renberg, and Turner), and the Beef Cattle Institute (McLellan), College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States
,
Hannah S. Turner
1  Department of Clinical Sciences (Upchurch, Renberg, and Turner), and the Beef Cattle Institute (McLellan), College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States
,
Jiena G. McLellan
1  Department of Clinical Sciences (Upchurch, Renberg, and Turner), and the Beef Cattle Institute (McLellan), College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.
Further Information

Publication History

29 April 2019

25 November 2019

Publication Date:
30 January 2020 (online)

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to determine if either the rate of onset of clinical signs or duration from initial clinical signs to surgical decompression affected the overall quality or duration of recovery in dogs with intervertebral disc extrusion.

Study Design This was a retrospective case series of 131 client owned dogs. Medical records of dogs surgically treated with hemilaminectomy for intervertebral disc extrusion between January 2016 and December 2017 were reviewed for signalment, neurological grade at presentation, rate of onset and duration of clinical signs and surgical variables. These variables were analysed to determine their effect on return of pain sensation, urinary continence and ambulation.

Results Duration of clinical signs prior to surgery and rate of onset of signs did not correlate with return of pain sensation, urinary continence or ambulation. Preoperative neurological grade was the main variable that was found to be associated with outcome.

Conclusions Delay from initial clinical signs of intervertebral disc extrusion to surgery is unlikely to affect the ultimate outcome or the length of time for a dog to regain pain sensation, urinary continence or ambulation. The rate of onset of signs likewise does not influence these outcomes.

Authors' Contributions

David Upchurch contributed to study design, acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. Walter Renberg contributed to conception of study and data analysis and interpretation. Hannah Turner contributed to acquisition of data and data analysis and interpretation. Jiena McLellan contributed to study design and data analysis and interpretation. All authors drafted, revised and approved the submitted manuscript.