Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy 2019; 08(04): 114-120
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700948
Review Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Treatment of Childhood Reflex Epilepsies

1  Division of Child Neurology, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, United States
,
Kailash Tulshiram Pawar
1  Division of Child Neurology, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, United States
,
Mirza Waseem Mohammad Baig
1  Division of Child Neurology, Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, United States
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

11 February 2019

02 August 2019

Publication Date:
13 January 2020 (online)

Abstract

Reflex epilepsies are characterized by the presence of epileptic seizures, which are consistently or stereotypically evoked by a specific afferent stimulus (i.e., flashes of light, startles, a particular movement, or cognitive task). Seizures in them are generally refractory to medical treatment requiring polytherapy. Avoiding the trigger and antiepileptic therapy may likely abolish these seizures. However, in some cases, the use of specific technologies and addressing associated comorbidities may be necessary. In this study, we review the pathophysiological basis for different treatment approaches as well as recent advances in the management of reflex epilepsies.