CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2013; 07(01): 202-211
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700381
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Validity of a Manual Soft Tissue Profile Prediction Method Following Mandibular Setback Osteotomy

Olga Elpis Kolokitha Lecturer DDS, MSD,Dr Dent
a   Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki,Greece.
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
30 September 2019 (online)


Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the validity of a manual cephalometric method used for predicting the post-operative soft tissue profiles of patients who underwent mandibular setback surgery and compare it to a computerized cephalometric prediction method (Dentofacial Planner). Lateral cephalograms of 18 adults with mandibular prognathism taken at the end of presurgical orthodontics and approximately one year after surgery were used.

Methods: To test the validity of the manual method the prediction tracings were compared to the actual post-operative tracings. The Dentofacial Planner software was used to develop the computerized post-surgical prediction tracings. Both manual and computerized prediction printouts were analyzed by using the cephalometric system PORDIOS. Statistical analysis was performed by means of t-test.

Results: Comparison between manual prediction tracings and the actual post-operative profile showed that the manual method results in more convex soft tissue profiles; the upper lip was found in a more prominent position, upper lip thickness was increased and, the mandible and lower lip were found in a less posterior position than that of the actual profiles. Comparison between computerized and manual prediction methods showed that in the manual method upper lip thickness was increased, the upper lip was found in a more anterior position and the lower anterior facial height was increased as compared to the computerized prediction method.

Conclusions: Cephalometric simulation of post-operative soft tissue profile following orthodonticsurgical management of mandibular prognathism imposes certain limitations related to the methods implied. However, both manual and computerized prediction methods remain a useful tool for patient communication. (Eur J Dent 2007;1:202-211)

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