CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian J Plast Surg 2011; 44(02): 203-211
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1699505
Review Article
Association of Plastic Surgeons of India

Current concepts in managing fractures of metacarpal and phalangess

Jagannath B. Kamath
Department of Orthopedics, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, India
Deepak M. Naik
Department of Orthopedics, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, India
Ankush Bansal
Department of Orthopedics, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 December 2019 (online)


Fractures of the metacarpal and phalanges constitute 10% of all fractures. No where in the body, the form and function are so closely related to each other than in hand. Too often these fractures are treated as minor injuries resulting in major disabilities. Diagnosis of skeletal injuries of the hand usually does not pose major problems if proper clinical examination is supplemented with appropriate radiological investigations. Proper preoperative planning, surgical intervention wherever needed at a centre with backing of equipment and implants, selection of appropriate anaesthesia and application of the principle of biological fixation, rigid enough to allow early mobilisation are all very important for a good functional outcome. This article reviews the current concepts in management of metacarpal and phalangeal fractures incorporating tips and indications for fixation of these fractures. The advantages and disadvantages of various approaches, anaesthesia, technique and mode of fixation have been discussed. The take-home message is that hand fractures are equally or more worthy of expertise as major extremity trauma are, and the final outcome depends upon the fracture personality, appropriate and timely intervention followed by proper rehabilitation. Hand being the third eye of the body, when injured it needs a multidisciplinary approach from the beginning. Though the surgeon's work appears to be of paramount importance in the early phase, the contribution from anaesthetist, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, orthotist and above all a highly motivated patient cannot be overemphasised.


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